An electronic health record (EHR) is a digital version of a patient’s paper chart. EHRs are real-time, patient-centered records that make information available instantly and securely to authorized users. While an EHR does contain the medical and treatment histories of patients, an EHR system is built to go beyond standard clinical data collected in a provider’s office and can be inclusive of a broader view of a patient’s care.
It may include all of the key administrative clinical data relevant to that persons care under a particular provider, including demographics, progress notes, problems, medications, vital signs, past medical history, immunizations, laboratory data and radiology reports. The EHR has the ability to support other care-related activities directly or indirectly through various interfaces, including evidence-based decision support, quality management, and outcomes reporting.
EHR can improve patient care by reducing the incidence of medical error by improving the accuracy and clarity of medical records. Making the health information available, reducing duplication of tests, reducing delays in treatment, and patients well informed to take better decisions. Reducing medical error by improving the accuracy and clarity of medical records.
One of the key features of an EHR is that health information can be created and managed by authorized providers in a digital format capable of being shared with other providers across more than one health care organization. EHRs are built to share information with other health care providers and organizations – such as laboratories, specialists, medical imaging facilities, pharmacies, emergency facilities, and school and workplace clinics – so they contain information from all clinicians involved in a patient’s care.
The benefits of EHRs include the ability to automatically share and update information among different offices and organizations. More efficient storage and retrieval with the ability to share multimedia information, such as medical imaging results, between locations. It has the potential to link records to sources of relevant and current research which makes easier standardization of services and patient care. The ability to aggregate patient data for population health management and quality of care programs with provision of decision support systems for healthcare professionals.
The health IT community has already created the following interoperability standards:
- Health Level Seven International (HL7), a set of international criteria for transfer of clinical and administrative data
- Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (FHIR), a web-based series of tools that falls under HL7
- SMART Health IT, an open, standards-based technology platform that enables people to create applications that can run across a healthcare system, including EHRs.
Thus, EHRs can help reduce medical errors, improve patient safety and support better outcomes, while, EHRs do contain and transmit data, and they also manipulate patient information in meaningful ways and provide that information to the provider at the point of care. EHRs can also help improve public health outcomes by providing a view of the entire patient population’s health information, which lets providers, identify specific risk factors and improve outcomes.
As the researchers are moving towards developing precision medicine, we at Group Futurista aim to reach the masses through our event in Germany, whose details are mentioned in the link below: